Talk About Fish
Home More Back Next


The fishes belonging to family Sparidae, commonly known as porgies and seabreams, are widely distributed in tropical to temperate Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. They have a scaly cheek before preopercle. Their upper jaw never reach backward beyond a vertical line through middle of eye and their maxilla, overlap by their hind tip of premaxilla are hidden by a sheath formed by 2 circumorbital bones when mouth is closed. They have a single dorsal fin usually with 10 to 13 spines and 10 to 15 soft rays. They have three spines in anal fin with 8 to 14 soft rays. Their pelvic fins have an axillary scale at their base.

Sparids are small to medium-sized demersal fishes, found from shallow coastal waters to relatively deeper waters with a few species also occur in brackish habitats. Most are carnivorous, feeding on benthic invertebrates inhabitants. Juveniles sometimes form schools, while the adults are mostly solitary in deeper waters.

There are 38 genera with more than 130 species worldwide. They are highly variable in shapes, colours and markings. Malaysia has 5 genera with at least 9 species.

Scientific Name: Acanthopagrus latus  (Houttuyn, 1782)
English Name: Yellowfin Seabream, Yellow-finned Black Porgy, Western Yellowfin Bream, Japanese Silver Bream
Chinese Name | 鱼类中文名: 黄鳍棘鲷 (Huáng qí jí diāo), 黄鳍鲷 (Huáng qí diāo), 黄脚䲞 (Huáng jiǎo lì), 古古 (Gǔ gǔ)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Mengkuku, Kekapas, Kuku, Bandan, Belukong, Bengkongkong, Mengkuku Sirip Kuning
Local Hokkien: Ban Chee Hu
Main Identification Features: Pelvic, anal and lower caudal fins yellowish. A weak diffuse dark blotch at origin of lateral line, continue with dense blackish shading on upper part of posterior opercle.
Size: Maximum total length 45 cm, commonly to 30 cm.
Habitat and Ecology: Coastal and estuarine waters, with preference to rocky areas, to depths of about 50 m. Feeds on invertebrates, mainly echinoderms, worms, crustaceans, and molluscs.
Remarks: Acanthopagrus latus was reported to be limited to the east Asia Shelf only. Possibly a complex of the species.