Southeast Asia Mollusca


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Southeast Asia Mollusca Identification page is created to make identification of common species found in South East Asia easy. The list below are the mollusca and other aquatic animals species found in Malaysia. The list also include name in languages and dialect used in Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia.


Species Group: Freshwater Molluscs (ISSCAAP 51)

Common Name: Marsh Clam, Mangrove Clam, Broad Geloina
Scientific Name: Polymesoda expansa  Mousson, 1849
Mandarin Name: China - 歪红树蚬 (Wāi hóng shù xiǎn)
Thai Name | ชื่อสามัญภาษาไทย: หอยกัน (H̄oy kạn)
Local Malay Name: Lokan
Remarks: All other Malaysia and Indonesia local language also call it Lokan









Species Group: Abalones, Winkles, Conchs (ISSCAAP 52)

Common Name: Red Chut-chut Snail, Red Eye Snail. Obtuse Horn Shell, Mud Creeper
Scientific Name: Cerithidea obtusa  (Lamarck, 1822)
Mandarin Name: 吸螺 (Xī luó), 午夜香吻 (Wǔyè xiāng wěn)
Local Malay Name: Siput Sedut, Siput Mata Merah, Belitong, Keong Matah Merah (Indonesia)
Thai Name | ชื่อสามัญภาษาไทย: หอยจุ๊บแจง (H̄oy cúbcæng)
Local Hokkien: Balitong, Chut-chut
Remarks: Shell opening wide usually with a thick flaring lip. Red markings on body and foot. Other similar species are Cerithidea quadrata (Black chut-chut) and Terebralia sulcata (Supposedly the real Belitong). Cerithidea quadrata have more elongated shell, thin lip, and without red markings on body and around foot. Terebralia sulcata have a distinctive shell opening at the tip called the peristome and a more conical shell.







Common Name: Noble Volute
Scientific Name: Cymbiola nobilis  (Lightfoot, 1786)
Local Malay Name: Siput Batik
Thai Name | ชื่อสามัญภาษาไทย: หอยจุกพราหมณ์ (H̄oy cukphrāh̄m)
Remarks: Thick heavy shell, with orange, yellow, beige or black background, and with red or brown zig-zag patterns. Spire conical and prominent. Fleshy body of the snail is black with bright yellow or orange spots.













Common Name: Rarespined Murex
Scientific Name: Murex trapa  Röding, 1798
Mandarin Name: 宝岛骨螺 (Bǎo dǎo gǔ luó), 刺螺 (Cì luó)
Local Malay Name: Siput Duri
Thai Name | ชื่อสามัญภาษาไทย: หอยสังข์หนามเล็ก (H̄oy s̄ạngk̄h̒ h̄nām lĕk)
Local Hokkien: Chi Lay













Common Name: Chameleon Nerite, Textile Nerite
Scientific Name: Nerita chamaeleon  Linnaeus, 1758
Mandarin Name: 大圆蜑螺 (Dàyuán dànluó), 矮狮蜑螺 (Ǎishī dànluó)
Local Malay Name: Siput Timba Batik, Tekuyung Timba Batik, Sihik
Thai Name | ชื่อสามัญภาษาไทย: หอยน้าพริก (H̄oy n̂ảphrik)
Remarks: Often misidentified as Nerita histrio. Nerita chamaeleon have higher spire, smoother ribs, more-distinct teeth in the outer lip and the consistently smoother and more regularly rounded outline of the peristome.









Common Name: Dog Conch, Yellow Conch, Pearl Conch
Scientific Name: Strombus canarium (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mandarin Name: 贡贡 (Gòng gòng), 水晶凤凰螺 (Shuǐ jīng fèng huáng luó)
Local Malay Name: Siput Gong-gong, Siput Tarik
Thai Name | ชื่อสามัญภาษาไทย: หอยชักตีน (H̄oy chạk tīn)
Local Hokkien: Gong Gong







Species Group: Oysters (ISSCAAP 53)

Common Name: White Hammer Oyster
Scientific Name: Malleus albus  Lamarck, 1819
Mandarin Name: 白丁蛎 (Bái dīng lì), 槌头蚝 (Chuí tóu háo)
Thai Name | ชื่อสามัญภาษาไทย: หอยขวำน (H̄oy k̄hwản)







Species Group: Mussels (ISSCAAP 54)

Common Name: Asian Brown Mussel, Green Mussel
Scientific Name: Perna viridis  Linnaeus, 1758
Mandarin Name: 翡翠贻贝 (Fěicuì yí bèi), 绿壳菜蛤 (Lǜ qiào cài há), 青口贝 (Qīng kǒu bèi)
Local Malay Name: Siput Sudu, Kupang
Thai Name | ชื่อสามัญภาษาไทย: หอยแมลงภู่ (H̄oy mælangp̣hū̀)







Species Group: Scallops, Pectens (ISSCAAP 55)

Common Name: Asian Moon Scallop
Scientific Name: Amusium pleuronectes  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mandarin Name: 扇贝 (Shànbèi), 元贝 (Yuán bèi), 干贝 (Gānbèi), 江珧柱 (Jiāngyáozhù), 带子 (Dàizi), 亚洲日月蛤 (Yàzhōu rì yuè há)
Local Malay Name: Siput Piring, Kekapis, Kapis
Thai Name | ชื่อสามัญภาษาไทย: หอยเชลล์ (H̄oy chell), หอยพัด (H̄oy phạd)
Local Hokkien: Kang Gia Chu







Common Name: Flag Pen Shell, Indo-Pacific Pen Shell
Scientific Name: Atrina vexillum  (Born, 1778)
Mandarin Name: 黑旗江珧蛤 (Hēi qí jiāng yáo há), 海鸟 (Hǎi niǎo)
Local Malay Name: Siput Kemudi, Siput Kipas, Siput Beliung, Siput Baji, Peha Ayam
Thai Name | ชื่อสามัญภาษาไทย: หอยจอบ (H̄oy cob), หอยซองพลู (H̄oy song phlū)
Local Hokkien: Hai Chiau
Main Identification Features: Shell truncate at the outer margin, thick and solid. Shell semitranslucent, dark reddish brown to nearly black in colour.







Common Name: Bicolor Pen Shell, Bicolor Fan Clam, Two-coloured Fan Shell
Scientific Name: Pinna bicolor  Gmelin, 1791
Mandarin Name: 紫色裂江珧 (Zǐsè liè jiāng yáo), 双色江珧蛤 (Shuāngsè jiāng yáo há), 海鸟 (Hǎi niǎo)
Local Malay Name: Siput Kemudi, Siput Kipas, Siput Beliung, Siput Baji, Peha Ayam
Thai Name | ชื่อสามัญภาษาไทย: หอยจอบ (H̄oy cob), หอยซองพลู (H̄oy song phlū)
Local Hokkien: Hai Chiau
Main Identification Features: Shell thin, inflected at the lateral margin. Translucent, yellowish and light horn to dark brownish purple in colour.







Common Name: Pen Shell, Fan Mussel
Scientific Name: Pinna incurva  Gmelin, 1791
Mandarin Name: 细长裂江珧 (Xì cháng liè jiāng yáo), 海鸟 (Hǎi niǎo)
Local Malay Name: Siput Kemudi, Siput Kipas, Siput Beliung, Siput Baji, Peha Ayam
Local Hokkien: Hai Chiau
Main Identification Features: Shell narrow, long, with keel-like ridge, with transverse undulate wrinkles. Colour of the shell light reddish brown to yellowish-horn.







Species Group: Clams, Cockles, Arkshells (ISSCAAP 56)

Common Name: Blood Cockle, Granular Ark
Scientific Name: Anadara granosa  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mandarin Name: 血蚶 (Xuè hān), 蛳蚶 (Sī hān)
Local Malay Name: Kerang
Thai Name | ชื่อสามัญภาษาไทย: หอยแครง (H̄oy khræng)
Local Cantonese: Si Haam
Local Hokkien: Haam






Common Name: Chinese Venus Clam
Scientific Name: Callista chinensis  Holten, 1802
Mandarin Name: 中华长文蛤 (Zhōnghuá zhǎngwén gé), 中国仙女蛤 (Zhōngguó xiānnǚ há)
Local Malay Name: Siput Gayam






Common Name: Surf Clam, Bean Clam, Wedge Clam, Cuneate Donax Clam
Scientific Name: Donax cuneatus  Linnaeus, 1758
Mandarin Name: 楔形斧蛤 (Xiēxíng fǔ gé)
Local Malay Name: Siput Remis
Local Hokkien/Teochew Name: Siput






Common Name: Green Glauconomya
Scientific Name: Glauconome virens  (Linnaeus, 1767)
Mandarin Name: 哆头蛏 (Duō tóu chēng), 绿昙蛤 (Lǜ tán há), 滩 (Tān)
Local Malay Name: Siput Biji Nangka, Siput Cangkul, Kijing (Indonesia)
Local Hokkien: Than, Tua-tao






Common Name: Asiatic Hard Clam
Scientific Name: Meretrix meretrix  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mandarin Name: 文蛤 (Wén há), 甲巴 (Jiǎ bā)
Local Malay Name: Kunau, Kepah, Dalus
Local Hokkien: Kapah








Common Name: Textile Venus, Carpet Clam
Scientific Name: Paphia textile  (Gmelin, 1791)
Mandarin Name: Taiwan - 织纹横帘蛤 (Zhī wén héng lián há), China - 织锦巴非蛤 (Zhījǐn bā fēi há), 啦啦 (Lā lā), 花蛤 (Huā há)
Local Malay Name: Siput Lala, Retak Seribu
Remarks: All other Malaysia and Indonesia local dialect also call it Lala






Common Name: Javanese Razor Clam
Scientific Name: Pharella javanica  (Lamarck, 1818)
Mandarin Name: 灯塔蛤 (Dēngtǎ há), 蛏 (Chēng), 指甲滩 (Zhǐjiǎ tān), 花滩 (Huā tān)
Local Malay Name: Kerang Jubing (Indonesia), Siput Pahat (Malaysia)







Species Group: Squids, Cuttlefishes, Octopuses, etc (ISSCAAP 57)

Common Name: Bigfin reef squid
Scientific Name: Sepioteuthis lessoniana
Mandarin Name: 鱿鱼 (Yóuyú)
Local Malay Name: Sotong Mabang, Sotong Mengabang, Maban
Local Hokkien: Cheh Bak
Remarks: Identified by its green eyes with wide fins.






Common Name: Common Squid
Scientific Name: Loligo spp.
Mandarin Name: 鱿鱼 (Yóuyú), 苏东 (Sū dōng)
Local Malay Name: Sotong Peluru, Cumi-cumi
Local Hokkien: Sotong






Common Name: Cuttlefish
Scientific Name: Sepia spp.
Mandarin Name: 墨鱼 (Mòyú)
Local Malay Name: Sotong Katak
Local Hokkien: Bak Tau






Notes:
ISSCAAP = International Standard Statistical Classification of Aquatic Animals and Plants

sp. = Species
spp. = Several Species (Species Plural)


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