Ponyfishes


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Ponyfishes, slipmouths or slimy fishes are members of the Leiognathidae family. They are found in the Indo-West Pacific and Mediterranean oceans. They are mainly marine with some species that enter freshwater. The ponyfishes are recognized by their compressed and slimy body. Their mouth are small and highly protractile. There is also a pair of lateral elevated bony ridges on top of head between eyes.

Ponyfishes are bottom-living fishes in shallow coastal waters. They feed on copepods and phytoplankton, with large fishes feeding predominantly on benthic invertebrates.

There are 9 genera and about 48 species of Leiognathidae worldwide. Malaysia has about 22 species.


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Scientific Name: Eubleekeria splendens  (Cuvier, 1829)
English Name: Splendid Ponyfish
Mandarin Name: 格格 (Gégé)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kikek, Kekek, Kekek Mahkota
Size: Maximum total length about 15 cm, commonly to 10 cm.






Scientific Name: Karalla daura  (Cuvier, 1829)
English Name: Goldstripe Ponyfish
Mandarin Name: 格格 (Gégé)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kikek, Kekek, Kekek Jalur
Size: Maximum total length 14 cm, commonly to 9 cm.






Scientific Name: Leiognathus brevirostris  (Valenciennes, 1835)
English Name: Shortnose Ponyfish
Mandarin Name: 格格 (Gégé)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kikek, Kekek, Kekek Muncung Pendek
Size: Maximum total length 13.5 cm, commonly to 11 cm.






Scientific Name: Leiognathus equulus (Forsskål, 1775)
English Name: Common Ponyfish, Greater Ponyfish
Mandarin Name: 格格 (Gégé)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kikek, Kekek, Kekek Gedabang
Size: Maximum total length 24 cm, commonly to 18 cm.






Scientific Name: Leiognathus longispinis  (Valenciennes, 1835)
English Name: Longspine Ponyfish
Mandarin Name: 格格 (Gégé)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kikek, Kekek, Kekek Dwifilamen
Size: Maximum total length 20 cm, commonly to 13 cm.






Scientific Name: Nuchequula flavaxilla  Kimura, Kimura & Ikejima, 2008
English Name: Yellowspotted Ponyfish
Mandarin Name: 格格 (Gégé)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kikek, Kekek
Size: Maximum standard length 10.9 cm.






Scientific Name: Nuchequula nuchalis  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845)
English Name: Spotnape Ponyfish
Mandarin Name: 格格 (Gégé)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kikek, Kekek, Kekek Langsat
Size: Maximum total length 25 cm.






Scientific Name: Secutor insidiator  (Bloch, 1787)
English Name: Pugnose Ponyfish
Mandarin Name: 格格 (Gégé)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kikek, Kekek, Sekiki Muncung
Size: Maximum total length 10.5 cm, commonly to 8 cm.






Scientific Name: Secutor ruconius  (Hamilton, 1822)
English Name: Deep Pugnose Ponyfish
Mandarin Name: 格格 (Gégé)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kikek, Kekek, Sekiki Bulat
Size: Maximum total length almost 10 cm, commonly to 6 cm.