Mojarras


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Mojarras and silver-biddies are the common names used for the members of Gerreidae family. They often occur near the bottom in coastal waters of most tropical seas. They are mainly saltwater fishes but can also occur in brackish water and sometimes freshwater. They are recognized as small silvery fishes with terminal and highly protractile mouth. Their scales are large, obvious but deciduous.

Mojarras are often found in coastal lagoons and estuaries with sandy or muddy bottoms near mangroves. They can be found in school, small group or singly. They feed on small invertebrates gleaned from the bottom by taking up mouthfuls of substrate and expelling sand and debris.

There are 7 genera and about 51 species of Gerreidae worldwide. Malaysia has 2 genera and about 9 species.


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Scientific Name: Gerres erythrourus  (Bloch, 1791)
English Name: Deep-bodied Mojarra, Deep-body Silver-biddy
French Name: Blanche elévée
Mandarin Name: 胶把 (Jiāo bǎ), 短钻嘴鱼 (Duǎn zuān zuǐ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kapas-kapas, Kekapas, Kapas Laut, Kapas Sungai
Local Hokkien: Ka Pak
Main Diagnostic Features: Dorsal and anal fin spines strong, particularly second anal fin spine. Caudal fin strongly forked but short, and lobes broadly rounded without pointed tips. Dorsal fin edged with black. Trailing edge of caudal fin dusky. Anal and pelvic fins yellowish.
Size: Maximum total length about 30 cm, commonly to 20 cm.






Scientific Name: Gerres filamentosus  Cuvier, 1829
English Name: Whipfin Mojarra, Whipfin Silver-biddy, Long-rayed Mojarra
French Name: Blanche fil
Mandarin Name: 胶把 (Jiāo bǎ), 曳丝钻嘴鱼 (Yè sī zuàn zuǐ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kapas-kapas, Kekapas, Kapas Laut, Kapas Filamen
Local Hokkien: Ka Pak
Main Diagnostic Features: Second dorsal-fin spine laterally compressed, produced into a filament. Anal, caudal, pectoral, and pelvic fins dusky hyaline, tips of anal fin, lower lobe of caudal and pelvic fins white.
Size: Maximum total length about 30 cm, commonly to 15 cm.






Scientific Name: Pentaprion longimanus  (Cantor, 1849)
English Name: Longfin Mojarra, Longfin Silver-biddy
French Name: Blanche à pagaies
Mandarin Name: 胶把 (Jiāo bǎ), 长臂钻嘴鱼 (Cháng bì zuǎn zuǐ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kapas, Kapas-kapas, Kekapas, Kapas Kaca
Local Hokkien: Ka Pak
Main Diagnostic Features: Color silvery, with a mirror-like stripe from snout to caudal peduncle.
Size: Maximum total length almost 20 cm, commonly to 10 cm.