Emperors (Large-eye Bream)


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Emperors or sometimes called the scavengers are found mainly in tropical waters of the Indo-Pacific and Indian Oceans. They are excellent food fish.

Emperors are bottom-feeding carnivores consuming invertebrates and small fishes. Some species have molariform teeth which they use to eat invertebrates such as molluscs and crabs. Emperors can be solitary or schooling and do not appear to be territorial. They often form large aggregations for pelagic spawning. They have large eyes that enable them to feed at night.

There are about 41 species of emperors that make up the Lethrinidae family worldwide. Malaysia is represented by all 5 genera and about 29 species.

This page will show all the genera in Lethrinidae family except the Letrinus genus which have a distinct naked cheek.


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Scientific Name: Gymnocranius frenatus Bleeker, 1873
English Name: Yellowsnout Large-eye Bream
Local Malay Name: Kapas-kapas Laut, Mempasir Mutiara
Main Diagnostic Features: Presence of a prominent blue-edged, yellow band from front of eye to above upper lip, encompassing nostrils; cheek yellowish with 3 or 4 oblique, blue bands.
Size: Maximum total length about 35 cm; commonly to 30 cm.

Yellowsnout Large-eye Bream

Gymnocranius frenatus

Yellowsnout Large-eye Bream