Angelfishes


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Angelfishes or pomacanthids are members of Pomacanthidae family. They are mainly found on the outer coral reefs at depths of 5 to 60 meters. They can be recognized by having deep and highly compressed body, with a strong spine at the preopercle. Butterflyfishes which are similar in shape and color to angelfishes do not have this spine. Almost all angelfish species are very brightly coloured with complex and varied colour patterns. They undergo a complete color transformation from the juvenile to adult stage.

Difference between angelfishes and buttflyfishes

Angelfishes feed on sponges and other marine invertebrates. They are rarely caught for food. The primary fishery value of angelfishes is through the ornamental marine aquarium trade.

There are 8 genera and about 87 species of angelfishes worldwide. Malaysia is represented by 6 genera and about 20 species.


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Scientific Name: Pomacanthus annularis  (Bloch, 1787)
English Name: Bluering Angelfish
French Name: Poisson-ange à anneau
Mandarin Name: 蓝环神仙鱼 (Lán huán shénxiān yú), 蓝环盖刺鱼 (Lán huán gài cì yú)
Local Malay Name: Taring Pelanduk Cincin Biru, Ikan Toshiba, Ikan Babi
Main Diagnostic Features: Brown to yellow in color with distinct curved blue lines on the body. Adult with a blue ring above the gill cover. The caudal fin is white with a yellow margin.
Size: Maximum total length 45 cm.


Bluering Angelfish, Pomacanthus annularis, Taring Pelanduk Cincin Biru, Ikan Toshiba, Ikan Babi

Bluering Angelfish, Pomacanthus annularis, Taring Pelanduk Cincin Biru, Ikan Toshiba, Ikan Babi




Scientific Name: Pomacanthus sexstriatus  (Cuvier, 1831)
English Name: Sixbar Angelfish
Mandarin Name: 六带神仙鱼 (Liù dài shénxiān yú), 六带盖刺鱼 (Liù dài gài cì yú)
Local Malay Name: Taring Pelanduk Belang Enam, Taring Pelandok
Main Diagnostic Features: Adults yellowish tan with 6 distinct dark vertical bars on body and a broad white bar on head behind the eye. The caudal fin dark with blue dots. Juveniles blackish with about 15 curved, narraw blue and white bars on the sides.
Size: Maximum total length about 50 cm.