Pufferfishes


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Pufferfishes or puffers are members of the Tetraodontidae family. They are found in tropical and subtropical areas of Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans. Their jaws are modified to form a beak of 2 pairs of heavy and powerful teeth. They have the ability to inflate themselves with either air or water as a deterrent to predators. The viscera, skin, and blood of most species are poisonous. Some species have the ability to excrete poison from their skin and some even have poisonous flesh.

Pufferfishes occur most frequently in shallow inshore waters, sometimes entering brackish and fresh waters. They are often found alone and seems to eat anything.

There are 26 genera and about 190 species of pufferfishes worldwide. About 32 species are found in Malaysia waters.


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Scientific Name: Arothron immaculatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
English Name: Immaculate Puffer
Local Malay Name: Buntal Pasir Bersih
Remarks: Poisonous - Do not eat.








Scientific Name: Arothron mappa   (Lesson, 1831)
English Name: Map Puffer
Local Malay Name: Buntal Pasir Corak
Remarks: Poisonous - Do not eat.






Scientific Name: Arothron reticularis  (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
English Name: Reticulated Pufferfish
Local Malay Name: Buntal Pasir Batik
Remarks: Poisonous - Do not eat.






Scientific Name: Lagocephalus guentheri  Miranda Ribeiro, 1915
English Name: Diamondback Puffer
Local Malay Name: Buntal, Buntal Pisang
Remarks: Poisonous - Do not eat.






Scientific Name: Lagocephalus spadiceus  (Richardson, 1845)
English Name: Half-smooth Golden Pufferfish
Local Malay Name: Buntal Kerisi, Buntal Pisang Muda
Remarks: Poisonous - Do not eat.






Scientific Name: Tetraodon fluviatilis  Hamilton, 1822
English Name: Green Pufferfish
Local Malay Name: Ikan Buntal Gigi Hijau, Buntal Mas
Remarks: Poisonous - Do not eat.






Scientific Name: Tetraodon nigroviridis Marion de Procé, 1822
English Name: Spotted Green Pufferfish
Local Malay Name: Ikan Buntal Gigi Kupang
Remarks: Poisonous - Do not eat.