Scombrids (Mackerel)


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Tunas, mackerels, Spanish mackerels, albacore, bonitos, seerfishes and wahoo are the common names for the members of the Scombridae family. The family members are distinguished by having finlets behind dorsal and anal fins, deeply forked caudal fin, and at least 2 small keels on each side of caudal peduncle. Many species have a larger keel in between the small keels.

Members of the Scombridae are found in the tropical and subtropical seas around the world. There are 15 genera and 54 species worldwide. All of them are excellent food fishes. Many are of commercial importance and good sports fishes. Scientifically the family is divided into 2 subfamilies. The subfamily Scombrinae consist of 53 species and Gasterochismatinae consist of only one species. However, in general they can be divided according to their shape into 3 groups; spanish mackerels, mackerels and tunas.

The mackerels are mainly from Rastrelliger (3 species) genus. They are the smaller scombrids where their length rarely exceed 35 cm. They are mostly found near coastal waters. They frequently occur in large schools. They feed mainly on zooplankton. They often swims with their mouth open to strain plankton from the water using their gill rakers.


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Scientific Name: Rastrelliger brachysoma  (Bleeker, 1851)
English Name: Indo-pacific Mackerel, Short mackerel
Mandarin Name: 甘望魚 (Gān wàng yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Temenung, Rumahan, Kembung Pelaling
Local Hokkien: Kambong Hu
Main Diagnostic Features: Body is deep and short.
Size: Maximum fork length 34.5 cm, commonly 20 cm.






Scientific Name: Rastrelliger faughni  Matsui, 1967
English Name: Faughni Mackerel, Island Mackerel
Mandarin Name: 甘望魚 (Gān wàng yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Temenung, Rumahan, Mabong, Kembung Lampai
Local Hokkien: Kambong Hu, Mabong
Main Diagnostic Features: Body is not deep. Dusky stripes running along sides of body.
Size: Maximum fork length is more than 20 cm.








Scientific Name: Rastrelliger kanagurta  (Cuvier, 1816)
English Name: Indian Mackerel
Mandarin Name: 甘望魚 (Gān wàng yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Temenung, Rumahan, Kembung Borek
Local Hokkien: Kambong Hu
Main Diagnostic Features: Black spot near lower margin of pectoral fins.
Size: Maximum fork length 38 cm, commonly 25 cm.