Carangids (Trevallies)


Jacks, scads, trevallies, queenfishes, runners, amberjacks, pilotfishes, pampanos and etc are the members of the Carangidae family. The family members are made up of many highly variable body shape fish species. The Carangidae are distinguished from all other similar families in having the first 2 anal fin spines detached from rest of fin. These spines are sometimes partially or completely embedded in large adults of several genera, especially Seriola, Alectis, and Caranx and can only be found by dissection. Most species have spiny scutes along lateral line.

The carangids are marine fishes found in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans. Their habitats and behaviour are highly variable. Most of them are schooling species. Most species are fast swimming predators that hunt at or near the surface, mostly in oceanic waters, and often far offshore. Some root in sand for invertebrates and fishes.

There are altogether 30 genera and 147 species in the Carangidae family worldwide. There are 19 genera and about 61 species found in Malaysia.

The family has four subfamilies, Caranginae consist of a mixtures of 20 genera and 104 species like the pompanos, trevallies, scads, horse mackerel, moonfish, lookdown and etc. Naucratinae consist of 5 genera and 13 species also with many mixtures. Trachinotinae consist of 2 genera and 21 species of mostly pompanos. Scomberoidinae consist of 3 genera and 10 species of queenfishes (leatherjacket).

This page shows the species commonly called trevallies.


Scientific Name: Alectis ciliaris  (Bloch, 1787)
English Name: African Pompano
Mandarin Name: 长丝镜(Cháng sī jìng), 镜鱼 (Jìng yú), 大眼照明 (Dà yǎn zhào míng)
Local Malay Name: Rambai Ebek

Scientific Name: Alectis indica  (Rüppell, 1830)
English Name: Indian Threadfish, Diamond Trevally
Mandarin Name: 斧头鲳(Fǔtóu chāng), 镜鱼 (Jìng yú), 照明 (Zhào míng)
Local Malay Name: Rambai, Sagai



Scientific Name: Carangoides armatus  (Rüppell, 1830)
English Name: Longfin Trevally
Mandarin Name: 镜鲳 (Jìng chāng), 甲若鰺 ( Jiǎ ruò shēn )
Local Malay Name: Ikan Cermin, Sagai, Rambai, Cermin, Cupak, Demudok Putih

Scientific Name: Carangoides fulvoguttatus   (Forsskål, 1775)
English Name: Yellowspotted Trevally
Mandarin Name: 花点水鲳 (Huā diǎn shuǐ chāng), 星點若鰺 (Xīng diǎn ruò shēn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Sagai, Cermin, Cupak, Demudok Bintik Kuning

Scientific Name: Carangoides gymnostethus  (Cuvier, 1833)
English Name: Bludger
Mandarin Name: 镜鲳 (Jìng chāng), 裸胸若鰺 (Luǒ xiōng ruò shēn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Cermin, Cupak, Ewe Karm, Demudok Nyior-nyior

Scientific Name: Carangoides hedlandensis  (Whitley, 1934)
English Name: Bumpnose Trevally
Local Malay Name: Ikan Demudok, Putih, Demudok Lekuk

Scientific Name: Carangoides malabaricus  (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
English Name: Malabar Trevally
Local Malay Name: Demudok, Ikan Rambai
Local Hokkien: Ngiau Chu Kam

Scientific Name: Carangoides plagiotaenia  Bleeker, 1857
English Name: Barcheek Trevally
Mandarin Name: 镜鲳 (Jìng chāng), 斜条鲹 (Xié tiáo shēn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Sagai, Cermin, Cupak, Demudok Pipi Calit

Scientific Name: Carangoides praeustus (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830)
English Name: Brownback Trevally
Local Malay Name: Ikan Cupak, Putih, Demudok Abu-abu

Scientific Name: Caranx ignobilis  (Forsskål, 1775)
English Name: Giant Trevally
Mandarin Name: 金骨 (Jīn gǔ), 牛公鲳 (Niú gōng chāng), 牛港鲳 (Niú gǎng chāng)
Local Malay Name: Gerepuh,Putih, Belukok Mamong
Local Hokkien: Gu Kang Cheoh



Scientific Name: Caranx melampygus  Cuvier, 1833
English Name: Bluefin Trevally
Mandarin Name: 蓝鳍金骨 (Lán qí jīn gǔ)
Local Malay Name: Belukok Sirip Biru, Demudok, Kerepoh

Scientific Name: Caranx sexfasciatus  Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
English Name: Bigeye Trevally
Local Malay Name: Ikan Cupak, Belukok Putih, Kerepoh

Scientific Name: Gnathanodon speciosus  (Forsskål, 1775)
English Name: Golden Trevally,Golden Jack
Mandarin Name: 黄合鲳 (Huáng hé chāng)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Gomblang, Gerong-gerong, Kalakitok, Kerong, Gerong Belang
Local Hokkien: Boon Nang, Boon Hong



Scientific Name: Ulua mentalis  (Cuvier, 1833)
English Name: Longrakered Trevally
Mandarin Name: 镜鲳 (Jìng chāng), 羽鰓鰺 (Yǔ sāi shēn), 丝口鲹 (Sī kǒu shēn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Cermin, Sagai Mulut Hitam