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Clupeids (Sardinellas)


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Herrings, shads, sardines, sprats, menhadens are the common names used for the members of the Clupeidae family. They are small to moderate sized fishes ranging from 2 cm to 75 cm. They are recognized by their terminal mouth, scutes along the abdomen, and pelvic fin located vertically below their dorsal fin.

Clupeids are found in all seas from about 70°N to about 60°S. They are typically marine but can also be found in brackish and freshwater. Most of them inhabit shallow coastal waters and estuaries. They frequently occur in large schools. Most species feed on small planktonic animals.

There are 54 genera and about 200 species of Clupeidae worldwide. Malaysia has 12 genera and about 29 species. In this website, the family is broken down by their shapes, sizes and common names. Below shows the family members often called sardinella or sardine.


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Scientific Name: Sardinella brachysoma  Bleeker, 1852
English Name: Deepbody Sardinella
Mandarin Name | 鱼类中文名: 沙丁鱼 (Shā dīng yú), 淡万鱼 (Dàn wàn yú), 温鱼 (Wēn yú), 高体小沙丁鱼 (Gāo tǐ xiǎo shādīngyú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Tamban Sisik, Ikan Tembang (Indonesian), Tamban Bujur, Tamban Lopek, Tamban Sisik Pipih
Local Hokkien: Tam Ban
Main Diagnostic Features: Identify by its deep body, dark spot at dorsal fin origin and black tips at caudal and dorsal fins.
Size: Maximum standard length 13 cm, commonly around 12 cm.






Scientific Name: Sardinella fimbriata  (Valenciennes, 1847)
English Name: Fringescale Sardinella
Mandarin Name | 鱼类中文名: 沙丁鱼 (Shā dīng yú), 淡万鱼 (Dàn wàn yú), 温鱼 (Wēn yú), 繸鳞小沙丁鱼 (Suì lín xiǎo shādīngyú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Tamban Sisik, Ikan Tembang (Indonesian), Tamban Bujur, Tamban Lopek, Tamban Sisik Tajam
Local Hokkien: Tam Ban
Main Diagnostic Features: Dark spot at dorsal fin origin. Black tips at caudal and dorsal fins.
Size: Maximum standard length 13 cm, commonly around 11 cm.






Scientific Name: Sardinella gibbosa  (Bleeker, 1849)
English Name: Goldstripe Sardinella
Mandarin Name | 鱼类中文名: 沙丁鱼 (Shā dīng yú), 淡万鱼 (Dàn wàn yú), 温鱼 (Wēn yú), 隆背小沙丁鱼 (Lóng bèi xiǎo shādīngyú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Tamban Sisik, Ikan Tembang (Indonesian), Tamban Bujur, Tamban Lopek, Tamban Sisik Jalur Mas
Local Hokkien: Tam Ban
Main Diagnostic Features: A golden mid-lateral line. Dorsal and caudal fin margins dusky with a dark spot at dorsal fin origin.
Size: Maximum standard length 17 cm, commonly around 15 cm.





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