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Asian Leaffishes


Asian Leaffishes from the Nandidae family are distributed in Southern Asia and Western Africa. They are recognized by having a compressed and deep body, large head, small protrusible mouth, and an interrupted lateral line.

The Nandidae members are mainly found in freshwater streams, lakes, swamps and ponds. They feed on dipteran larvae, insects and invertebrates.

There are 3 genera with 9 species worldwide. The genus Pristolepis is also placed in Pristolepidae family and the genus Badis in Badidae family. Malaysia has 2 species.



Scientific Name: Pristolepis fasciata  (Bleeker, 1851)
English Name: Malayan Leaffish, Catopra
Local Malay Name: Ikan Patung, Kepar
Bahasa Indonesia: Ikan Sepatung
Thai Name | ชื่อสามัญภาษาไทย: ปลาหมอช้างเหยียบ (Plā mocĥāngh̄eyīyb), ปลาปาตอง (Plā pātong)
Main Identification Features: Body strongly compressed. Mouth small, terminal, slightly protractile. Lateral line interrupted. Body with about 6-8 blackish vertical bars. Caudal fin rounded.
Size: Maximum total length 20 cm.
Habitat and Ecology: Inhabits turbid still vegetated ponds, wetlands and slow flowing canals. Rarely found in the fast running rivers. Potamodromous, migrating to upper reaches or flood plains during wet season.