Southeast Asia Crustacean and Mollusca


Southeast Asia Crustacean and Mollusca Identification is created to make identification of common species found in South East Asia easy. The list below is the crustacean and mollusca species caught in Malaysia. The list also includes name in languages and dialect used in Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia. Update will be done whenever new photograph is available.


Species Group: Sea spiders, crabs, etc (ISSCAAP 42)

Common Name: Blue Swimming Crab, Flower Crab
Scientific Name: Portunus Pelagicus (Linnaeus, 1766)
Mandarin Name: 花蟹 (Huā xiè)
Local Malay Name: Ketam laut, Ketam renjong, Ketam bunga
Local Hokkien: Cheek
Local Teochew: Cheek
Local Cantonese: Fah Hai

Common Name: Crucifix Crab
Scientific Name: Charybdis Feriatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mandarin Name: 十字蟹 (Shízì xiè)
Local Malay Name: Ketam Karang, Ketam Kristian
Local Hokkien: Hong Kah Cheek
Local Cantonese: Fong Kah Hai

Common Name: Ridged Swimming Crab

Scientific Name: Charybdis Natator (Herbst, 1789)

Mandarin Name: 石蟹 (Shí xiè), 石螃蟹 (Shí pángxiè)
Local Malay Name: Ketam Batik

Common Name: Indo-pacific Swamp-Crab, Giant mud crab
Scientific Name: Scylla serrata
Mandarin Name:锯缘青蟹 (Jù yuán qīng xiè), 螃蟹 (Páng xiè)
Local Malay Name: Ketam batu
Local Hokkien: Cheem
Local Teochew: Hoi
Local Cantonese: Yook Hai
Remarks: Be careful of the powerful claws. Do not handle if not trained.

Common Name: Horseshoe crab, King crab
Mandarin Name: 鲎 (Hòu)
Scientific Name: Tachypleus gigas
Local Malay Name: Belangkas
Local Hokkien: Hau

Species Group: Lobsters, Spiny rock lobster, etc (ISSCAAP 43)

Common Name: Spiny Lobster
Scientific Name: Panulirus polyphagus
Mandarin Name: 龙虾 (Lóngxiā)
Local Malay Name: Udang karang, Udang Kara
Local Hokkien: Leng Heh
Local Cantonese: Long Shia

Common Name: Slipper Lobster
Scientific Name: Thennus orientalis
Mandarin Name: 虾婆 (Xiā pó)
Local Malay Name: Udang lobok, Udang ketak, Udang kipas
Local Hokkien: Heh Po

Species Group: Shrimps, prawns, etc (ISSCAAP 45)

Common Name: Greasyback Shrimp
Scientific Name: Metapenaeus ensis (De Haan, 1844)
Mandarin Name: 蓝尾虾 (Lán wěi xiā)
Local Malay Name: Udang Ekor Biru
Local Hokkien: Lam Bueh

Common Name: Green Tiger Prawn
Scientific Name: Penaeus semisulcatus (De Haan, 1844)
Mandarin Name: 老虎虾 (Lǎo hǔ xiā)
Local Malay Name: Udang Harimau
Local Hokkien: Hor Heh

Common Name: Giant Tiger Prawn
Scientific Name: Penaeus monodon (Fabricius, 1798)
Mandarin Name: 老虎虾 (Lǎo hǔ xiā)
Local Malay Name: Udang Harimau
Local Hokkien: Hor Heh
Remarks: This tiger prawn species is larger in size compared to Penaeus semisulcatus.

Common Name: Banana Prawn
Scientific Name: Penaeus merguiensis (De Man, 1888), Penaeus indicus (H. Milne Edwards, 1837)
Mandarin Name: 大虾 (Dà xiā), 明虾 (Míng xiā), 大明虾 (Dà míng xiā)
Local Malay Name: Udang Puteh
Remarks: Difficult to differentiate Penaeus merguiensis and Penaeus indicus

Common Name: King Prawn
Scientific Name: Penaeus latisulcatus Kishinouye, 1896
Mandarin Name: 大虾 (Dà xiā)
Local Malay Name: Udang Kaki Merah, Udang Susu, Tua Heh
Local Hokkien: Tua Heh
Local Teochew: Tua Heh

Common Name: Rainbow Prawn
Scientific Name: Parapenaeopsis sculptilis (Heller, 1862) 
Local Malay Name: Udang Kulit Keras

Common Name: Sharp-Rostrum Prawn
Scientific Name: Parapenaeopsis hardwickii, P. coromandelica , P. hunger fordi, P. gracilima
Local Malay Name: Udang Minyak, Udang Minyak Jalur

Common Name: Silver Mantis Shrimp
Scientific Name: Harpiosquilla harpax
Mandarin Name: 虾姑 (Xiā gū)
Local Malay Name: Udang Lipan
Local Hokkien: Heh Korr
Local Teochew: Heh Kow
Local Cantonese: Hah Ku


Species Group: Squids, Cuttlefishes, Octopuses, etc (ISSCAAP 57)

Common Name: Bigfin reef squid
Scientific Name: Sepioteuthis lessoniana
Mandarin Name: 鱿鱼 (Yóuyú)
Local Malay Name: Sotong Mabang, Sotong mengabang, Maban
Local Hokkien: Cheh Bak
Remarks: Identified by its green eyes with wide fins.

Common Name: Common Squid
Scientific Name: Loligo spp.
Mandarin Name: 鱿鱼 (Yóuyú), 苏东 (Sū dōng)
Local Malay Name: Sotong Peluru, Cumi-cumi
Local Hokkien: Sotong

Common Name: Cuttlefish
Scientific Name: Sepia spp.
Mandarin Name: 墨鱼 (Mòyú)
Local Malay Name: Sotong Katak
Local Hokkien: Bak Tau

ISSCAAP = International Standard Statistical Classification of Aquatic Animals and Plants

sp. = Species
spp. = Several Species (Species Plural)