Southeast Asia Crustacean and Mollusca


Southeast Asia Crustacean and Mollusca Identification is created to make identification of common species found in South East Asia easy. The list below is the crustacean and mollusca species caught in Malaysia. The list also includes name in languages and dialect used in Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia. Update will be done whenever new photograph is available.


Species Group: Freshwater crustaceans (ISSCAAP 41)

Common Name: Giant Freshwater Prawn
Scientific Name: Macrobrachium rosenbergii  (De Man, 1879)
Mandarin Name: 大头虾 (Dàtóu xiā), 生虾 (Shēng xiā), 罗氏沼虾 (Luōshì zhǎo xiā), 淡水长臂大虾 (Dànshuǐ cháng bì dà xiā), 马来西亚大虾 (Mǎláixīyà dà xiā)
Local Malay Name: Udang Galah, Sepit Biru, Jongkong, Jenggo, Jerangkung
Local Hokkien: Tua Thau Heh
Local Teochew: Tua Thau Heh
Local Cantonese: Dai Tau Ha, Sang Ha

Species Group: Sea spiders, crabs, etc (ISSCAAP 42)

Common Name: Blue Swimming Crab, Flower Crab
Scientific Name: Portunus Pelagicus (Linnaeus, 1766)
Mandarin Name: 花蟹 (Huā xiè)
Local Malay Name: Ketam laut, Ketam renjong, Ketam bunga
Local Hokkien: Cheek
Local Teochew: Cheek
Local Cantonese: Fah Hai

Common Name: Crucifix Crab
Scientific Name: Charybdis Feriatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mandarin Name: 十字蟹 (Shízì xiè)
Local Malay Name: Ketam Karang, Ketam Kristian
Local Hokkien: Hong Kah Cheek
Local Cantonese: Fong Kah Hai

Common Name: Ridged Swimming Crab
Scientific Name: Charybdis Natator (Herbst, 1789)
Mandarin Name: 石蟹 (Shí xiè), 石螃蟹 (Shí pángxiè)
Local Malay Name: Ketam Batik

Common Name: Indo-pacific Swamp-Crab, Giant mud crab
Scientific Name: Scylla serrata
Mandarin Name:锯缘青蟹 (Jù yuán qīng xiè), 螃蟹 (Páng xiè)
Local Malay Name: Ketam batu
Local Hokkien: Cheem
Local Teochew: Hoi
Local Cantonese: Yook Hai
Remarks: Be careful of the powerful claws. Do not handle if not trained.

Species Group: Lobsters, Spiny rock lobster, etc (ISSCAAP 43)

Common Name: Spiny lobster, Mud Spiny Lobster
Scientific Name: Panulirus polyphagus  (Herbst, 1793)
Mandarin Name: 龙虾 (Lóngxiā)
Local Malay Name: Udang karang, Udang Kara
Local Hokkien: Leng Heh
Local Cantonese: Long Haa

Common Name: Slipper Lobster, Flathead Lobster
Scientific Name: Thenus orientalis  (Lund, 1793)
Mandarin Name: 虾婆 (Xiā pó), 东方扁虾 (Dōngfāng biǎn xiā), 琵琶虾 (Pípá xiā)
Local Malay Name: Udang lobok, Udang ketak, Udang kipas
Local Hokkien: Heh Po
Local Cantonese: Pei Paa Haa

Species Group: Shrimps, prawns, etc (ISSCAAP 45)

Common Name: Greasyback Shrimp
Scientific Name: Metapenaeus ensis (De Haan, 1844)
Mandarin Name: 蓝尾虾 (Lán wěi xiā)
Local Malay Name: Udang Ekor Biru
Local Hokkien: Lam Bueh

Common Name: Green Tiger Prawn
Scientific Name: Penaeus semisulcatus (De Haan, 1844)
Mandarin Name: 老虎虾 (Lǎo hǔ xiā)
Local Malay Name: Udang Harimau
Local Hokkien: Hor Heh

Common Name: Giant Tiger Prawn
Scientific Name: Penaeus monodon  (Fabricius, 1798)
Mandarin Name: 老虎虾 (Lǎo hǔ xiā)
Local Malay Name: Udang Harimau
Local Hokkien: Hor Heh
Remarks: This tiger prawn species is larger in size compared to Penaeus semisulcatus.

Common Name: Banana Prawn
Scientific Name: Penaeus merguiensis (De Man, 1888), Penaeus indicus (H. Milne Edwards, 1837)
Mandarin Name: 大虾 (Dà xiā), 明虾 (Míng xiā), 大明虾 (Dà míng xiā)
Local Malay Name: Udang Puteh
Remarks: Difficult to differentiate Penaeus merguiensis and Penaeus indicus

Common Name: King Prawn
Scientific Name: Penaeus latisulcatus  Kishinouye, 1896
Mandarin Name: 大虾 (Dà xiā), 红脚虾 (Hóng jiǎo xiā)
Local Malay Name: Udang Kaki Merah, Udang Susu, Tua Heh
Local Hokkien: Tua Heh
Local Teochew: Tua Heh

Common Name: Rainbow Prawn
Scientific Name: Parapenaeopsis sculptilis  (Heller, 1862)
Local Malay Name: Udang Kulit Keras

Common Name: Sharp-Rostrum Prawn
Scientific Name: Parapenaeopsis hardwickii, P. coromandelica , P. hunger fordi, P. gracilima
Local Malay Name: Udang Minyak, Udang Minyak Jalur

Species Group: Miscellaneous marine crustaceans (ISSCAAP 47)

Common Name: Silver Mantis Shrimp
Scientific Name: Harpiosquilla harpax
Mandarin Name: 虾姑 (Xiā gū), 濑尿虾 (Lài niào xiā)
Local Malay Name: Udang Lipan
Local Hokkien: Heh Korr
Local Teochew: Heh Kow
Local Cantonese: Hah Ku, Lai Niu Haa


Species Group: Squids, Cuttlefishes, Octopuses, etc (ISSCAAP 57)

Common Name: Bigfin reef squid
Scientific Name: Sepioteuthis lessoniana
Mandarin Name: 鱿鱼 (Yóuyú)
Local Malay Name: Sotong Mabang, Sotong mengabang, Maban
Local Hokkien: Cheh Bak
Remarks: Identified by its green eyes with wide fins.

Common Name: Common Squid
Scientific Name: Loligo spp.
Mandarin Name: 鱿鱼 (Yóuyú), 苏东 (Sū dōng)
Local Malay Name: Sotong Peluru, Cumi-cumi
Local Hokkien: Sotong

Common Name: Cuttlefish
Scientific Name: Sepia spp.
Mandarin Name: 墨鱼 (Mòyú)
Local Malay Name: Sotong Katak
Local Hokkien: Bak Tau

Miscellaneous aquatic animals

Species Group: Horseshoe crabs and other arachnoids (ISSCAAP 75)

Common Name: Horseshoe crab, King crab
Mandarin Name: 鲎 (Hòu)
Scientific Name: Tachypleus gigas
Local Malay Name: Belangkas
Local Hokkien: Hau

Species Group: Sea-urchins, Sea-cucumber and other echinoderms (ISSCAAP 76)

Common Name: White Threads Fish
Scientific Name: Holothuria leucospilota  (Brandt, 1835)
Mandarin Name: 海参 (Hǎishēn)
Local Malay Name: Timun Laut, Kote Mamak, Bat Puntil
Local Hokkien: Hai Som
Local Teochew: Hai Sim

ISSCAAP = International Standard Statistical Classification of Aquatic Animals and Plants

sp. = Species
spp. = Several Species (Species Plural)