Pike Congers


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Pike congers are members of the Muraenesocidae family. They are found in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans. They inhabit tropical and subtropical coastal waters. The pike congers are known to have well developed teeth, dorsal and pectoral fins. Their tips of lower jaw with enlarged teeth that fit into a notch in underside of snout when mouth closed. They do not have spines, scales and pelvic fin.

Pike congers are nocturnal predators and they feed on a variety of bottom-living fishes and invertebrates. As their teeth are strong, large, prominent and sharp, anglers usually ends up with a broken line when using standard nylon leader.

There are 6 genera and about 15 species of Muraenesocidae worldwide. Malaysia has 2 genera and 4 species.


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Scientific Name: Congresox talabon  (Cuvier, 1829)
English Name: Yellow Pike Conger
French Name: Morénésoce jaune
Mandarin Name: 海鳗 (Hǎi mán), 原鹤海鳗 (Yuán hè hǎi mán), 鳗仔 (Mán zǐ)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Malong, Ketingkor, Indung, Malung, Nong, Malong Kuning
Local Hokkien: Mua Hu, Mua Kia
Main Diagnostic Features: Pectoral fins well developed and relatively large, their length about 2.5 to 3 times in length of head. Color of head and body yellow, tinged with bronze, white below; dorsal and anal fins with narrow, black edges.
Size: Maximum total length 80 cm, commonly to 50 cm.
Remark: Very large mouth and sharp teeth. Be very careful in handling.








Scientific Name: Congresox talabonoides  (Bleeker, 1853)
English Name: Indian Pike Conger
French Name: Morénésoce indien
Mandarin Name: 海鳗 (Hǎi mán), 褐海鳗 (Hè hǎi mán), 印度原鹤海鳗 (Yìndù yuán hè hǎi mán)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Malong, Ketingkor, Indung, Malung, Nong, Malong India
Local Hokkien: Mua Hu
Size: Maximum total length 250 cm, commonly to 180 cm.
Main Diagnostic Features: Pectoral fins relatively small, their length at least 4 times in length of head. Color of head and body olive to golden-yellow vertical fins with narrow dusky edges. Outer tooth row in lower jaw leaning outward; middle canines on vomer conical (needle-like, not blade-shaped).
Remark: Very large mouth and sharp teeth. Be very careful in handling.






Scientific Name: Muraenesox bagio (Hamilton, 1822)
English Name: Common Pike Conger, Common Pike Eel, Silver Eel
French Name: Morénésoce comun
Mandarin Name | 鱼类中文名: 海鳗 (Hǎi mán), 褐海鳗 (Hè hǎi mán), 百吉海鳗 (Bǎi jí hǎi mán)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Malong, Ketingkor, Indung, Malung, Nong, Malong Biasa
Local Hokkien: Mua Hu
Main Diagnostic Features: Muraenesox genus have moderate large body and relatively heavier body than other genera. Head narrower than M. cinereus; interorbital about 10 times in head. Posterior nostrils only slightly nearer to eye than to anterior nostrils; mouth very large; teeth generally large and conspicuous. Dorsal fin originate right above the gill opening. When fresh the body is brownish yellow. Dorsal fin with a dark edge.
Size: Maximum total length 200 cm, commonly to 150 cm.
Remark: Very large mouth and sharp teeth. Be very careful in handling.






Scientific Name: Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål, 1775)
English Name: Daggertooth Pike Conger, Darkfin Pike Eel, Silver Conger Eel
French Name: Murénésoce dague
Mandarin Name | 鱼类中文名: 海鳗 (Hǎi mán), 虎鳗 (Hǔ mán), 灰海鳗 (Huī hǎi mán)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Malong, Ketingkor, Indung, Malung, Nong, Malong Perak
Local Hokkien: Mua Hu
Main Diagnostic Features: Muraenesox genus have moderate large body and relatively heavier body than other genera. Head broader than M. bagio, interorbital about 8 times in head. Teeth are abundant in number, conical-granular and hidden when mouth is closed. Posterior nostrils much closer to eyes than to anterior nostrils. When fresh it is light gray to light brown. Light brown to red color on the pectoral fins. Dorsal fin is gray with obvious black edge.
Size: Maximum total length 220 cm, commonly to 80 cm.
Remark: Very large mouth and sharp teeth. Be very careful in handling.







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