Moorish Idol


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Moorish Idol is the only species in the Zanclidae family. They are widely distributed in Indo-Pacific and Eastern Pacific waters. They have a strongly compressed body that almost resembles the butterflyfishes. They have tubular snout with a small mouth containing numerous elongate bristle-like teeth. Their dorsal spines are elongated into a whip-like filament. They also have similarity with surgeonfishes where their larvae live for a long time in the open sea. They are found in turbid inner lagoons, reef flats, and clear seaward rocky and coral reefs. They mainly feed on sponges and benthic invertebrates.


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Scientific Name: Zanclus cornutus  (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Name: Moorish Idol
Mandarin Name | 鱼类中文名: 角镰鱼 (Jiǎo lián yú), 灰镰鱼 (Huī lián yú)
Local Malay Name: Bagang Moorish, Ikan Layang-layang
Bahasa Indonesia: Ikan Hias, Tatape Rambai
Thai Name | ชื่อสามัญภาษาไทย: ปลาผีเสื้อเทวรูป (Plā p̄hīs̄eụ̄̂x thewrūp), ปลาโนรีเทวรูป (Plā norī thewrūp)
Main Identification Features: Body very deep, with broad black bars. Snout narrow and strongly protruding, with a black-edged orange saddle-like marking.
Size: Maximum total length 23 cm.
Habitat and Ecology: Lagoons to coral reefs, to 180 m depth. Found singly, in pairs, small groups and occasionally large schools. Omnivourous but mainly feeds on sponges and benthic invertebrates.







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