Goatfishes are members of the Mullidae family. They are found in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans. Most of them inhabit shallow seas and are usually found on open sand or mud bottoms. The goatfishes are recognized by their 2 long barbels on their chin which contain chemosensory organs for food detection purpose.
Goatfishes are carnivorous. They feed on a wide variety of small animals, especially crustaceans, worms and small fishes.
There are 6 genera and about 80 species of Mullidae worldwide. Malaysia has 3 genera and about 23 species.