Damselfishes


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Damselfishes or anemonefishes are members of the Pomacentridae family. They are found in all tropical seas, mainly the Indo-Pacific oceans. They are extremely variable in color with many species exhibiting shades of brown, black, blue, green, red, and yellow; a dark spot or ocellus often present on dorsal fin, particularly in juvenile stages.

Damselfishes inhabit coral and rocky reefs, but also common in other shallow-water habitats. Their feeding habits are variable. The larger species tend to feed mainly on algae, many others are omnivorous, consuming algae and small invertebrates, while others rely on planktonic items. They are rarely caught for food. The primary fishery value of damselfishes is through the ornamental marine aquarium trade.

There are 29 genera and about 385 species of pomacentrids worldwide. About 78 species are found in Malaysia waters.


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Scientific Name: Abudefduf bengalensis  (Bloch, 1787)
English Name: Bengal Sergeant
Local Malay Name: Ikan Gombing, Bombin, Kepal Batu, Gombing Benggala
Main Diagnostic Features: Recognized by the rounded tail and narrow bands.
Size: Maximum total length about 17 cm

Bengal Sergeant, Abudefduf bengalensis


Bengal Sergeant, Ikan Gombing Benggala




Scientific Name: Abudefduf vaigiensis  (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
English Name: Indo-Pacific Sergeant, Sergeant Major
Local Malay Name: Ikan Gombing, Bombin, Gombing Jalur Lima
Main Diagnostic Features: Recognized by the 5 dark bands.
Size: Maximum total length about 20 cm