Hairtails


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Hairtails, cutlassfishes, scabbardfishes and frostfishes are the common names for the members of the Trichiuridae family. The family members are characterized by their ribbon-like, extremely elongate and strongly compressed body. Their dorsal fin is very long, extending over length of body. Their caudal fin is tapered to a point, or very small and forked.

Members of the Trichiuridae are found in the tropical to warm-temperate waters of Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans. There are 10 genera and about 46 species worldwide. They can be found from the surface to a depth of about 2000 m. They have extremely strong and fang-like teeth. They are known to be voracious predators, feeding on fishes, squids, and crustaceans.


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Scientific Name: Assurger anzac  (Alexander, 1917)
English Name: Razorback Scabbardfish
French Name: Poisson-sabre rasoir
Mandarin Name: 长剃刀带鱼 (Zhǎng tìdāo dàiyú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Timah, Layur, Selayur, Timah-layur
Local Hokkien: Pek Tua
Size: Maximum standard length 225 cm.






Scientific Name: Trichiurus lepturus  Linnaeus, 1758
English Name: Large-head hairtail
Mandarin Name: 白带鱼 (Bái dàiyú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Timah, Layur, Selayur
Local Hokkien: Pek Tua
Size: Maximum total length 234 cm, commonly between 50 and 100 cm.