Carangids (Scads)


Jacks, scads, trevallies, queenfishes, runners, amberjacks, pilotfishes, pampanos and etc are the members of the Carangidae family. The family members are made up of many highly variable body shape fish species. The carangids are distinguished from all other similar families in having the first 2 anal fin spines detached from rest of fin. These spines are sometimes partially or completely embedded in large adults of several genera, especially Seriola, Alectis, and Caranx and can only be found by dissection. Most species have spiny scutes along lateral line.

The carangids are marine fishes found in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans. Their habitats and behaviour are highly variable. Most of them are schooling species. Most species are fast swimming predators that hunt at or near the surface, mostly in oceanic waters, and often far offshore. Some root in sand for invertebrates and fishes.

There are altogether 30 genera and 147 species in the Carangidae family worldwide. There are 19 genera and about 61 species found in Malaysia.

The family has four subfamilies, Caranginae consist of a mixtures of 20 genera and 104 species like the pompanos, trevallies, scads, horse mackerel, moonfish, lookdown and etc. Naucratinae consist of 5 genera and 13 species also with many mixtures. Trachinotinae consist of 2 genera and 21 species of mostly pompanos. Scomberoidinae consist of 3 genera and 10 species of queenfishes (leatherjacket).

This page shows the species commonly called scads and runners.


Scientific Name: Alepes djedaba  (Forsskål, 1775)
English Name: Shrimp Scad
Local Malay Name: Selar Pelata, Pelata Keledek
Size: Maximum 40 cm total length; commonly below 25 cm total length.

Scientific Name: Alepes kleinii  (Bloch, 1793)
English Name: Razorbelly Scad
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pelata, Pelata Perut Nipis
Size: Maximum fork length 16 cm; commonly to about 14 cm fork length

Scientific Name: Alepes melanoptera  (Swainson, 1839)
English Name: Blackfin Scad
Local Malay Name: Ikan Selar Papan, Selar Malam, Pelata Malam
Size: Maximum fork length 21 cm.

Scientific Name: Alepes vari  (Cuvier, 1833)
English Name: Herring Scad
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pelata Bali
Size: Maximum fork length 46 cm; commonly attaining 30 cm fork length.

Scientific Name: Atule mate  (Cuvier,1933)
English Name: Yellowtail Scad
Mandarin Name: 色腊 (Sè là)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Selar Pelata, Selar Kuning, Temenong
Local Hokkien: Sek La
Size: Maximum fork length 20 cm; commonly to about 26 cm fork length.

Scientific Name: Elagatis bipinnulata  (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
English Name: Rainbow Runner
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pisang-pisang, Bitusan, Dung-dung
Size: Maximum fork length about 110 cm; commonly to 80 cm fork length.

Scientific Name: Megalaspis cordyla   (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Name: Hardtail Scad, Torpedo Scad
Mandarin Name: 硬尾 (Yìng wěi)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Cincaru, Cencaru
Local Hokkien: Ngeh Buoy
Size: Maximum total length 80 cm; commonly to 30 to 40 cm total length.

Scientific Name: Selar boops  (Cuvier, 1833)
English Name: Oxeye Scad
Mandarin Name: 大目 (Dà Mù)
Local Malay Name: Kuning Jantan, Tulai, Lecek, Lolong Kuning
Local Hokkien: Kun Ning
Size: Maximum fork length 25 cm; commonly to about 22 cm.

Scientific Name: Selar crumenophthalmus  (Bloch, 1793)
English Name: Bigeye Scad
Mandarin Name: 大目 (Dà Mù), 大目龙 (Dà mù lóng)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Selar Bulat, Pelata Bulat, Basung, Lolong Mata Besar
Local Hokkien: Tua Bak, Tua Bak Leng
Size: Maximum standard length 60 cm; commonly to about 24 cm fork length.

Scientific Name: Selaroides leptolepis  (Cuvier, 1833)
English Name: Yellowstripe Scad
Mandarin Name: 金带细鲹 (Jīn dài xì shēn)
Local Malay Name: Selar Kuning, Pelata Kuning
Local Hokkien: Kun Ning
Size: Maximum fork length 18.5 cm.