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Clupeids (Shad)


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Herrings, shads, sardines, sprats, menhadens are the common names used for the members of the Clupeidae family. They are small to moderate sized fishes ranging from 2 cm to 75 cm. They are recognized by their terminal mouth, scutes along the abdomen, and pelvic fin located vertically below their dorsal fin.

Clupeids are found in all seas from about 70°N to about 60°S. They are typically marine but can also be found in brackish and freshwater. Most of them inhabit shallow coastal waters and estuaries. They frequently occur in large schools. Most species feed on small planktonic animals.

There are 54 genera and about 200 species of Clupeidae worldwide. Malaysia has 12 genera and about 29 species. In this website, the family is broken down by their shapes, sizes and common names. Below shows the family members often called shads and gizzard shads.


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Scientific Name: Hilsa kelee  (Cuvier, 1829)
English Name: Kelee Shad
Mandarin Name: 鲥鱼(Shí yú), 花点鲥 (Huā diǎn shí)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Tiram, Terubok, Tamban Tiram, Empirit






Scientific Name: Nematalosa japonica  Regan, 1917
English Name: Japanese Gizzard Shad
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kebasi, Selangat Jepun






Scientific Name: Tenualosa toli  (Valenciennes, 1847)
English Name: Toli Shad
Local Malay Name: Ikan Terubok, Terubuk Jantan, Terubuk Mulut Besar, Terubok Sungai
Local Hokkien: Chi Kak Hu