Tonguefishes


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Tonguefishes and tonguesoles are the common names for the members of the Cynoglossidae family. The family members have both eyes on the left side of their head and margin of preoperculum completely covered by skin and scales. There is no spine in their fins and their dorsal fin extends far forward on head. Their dorsal and anal fins are attached to caudal fins and a rostral hook usually present below their mouth.

Members of the Cynoglossidae are found in the tropical and subtropical waters worldwide. There are 3 genera and 143 species worldwide. They commonly inhabit marine waters on mud and sand bottoms from 1 m to 1500 m depth. Some species occur in brackish waters near river mouth but they are rarely found in freshwater. They feed mostly on small crustaceans and other bottom-living animals.


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Scientific Name: Cynoglossus arel   (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
English Name: Largescale Tonguesole
Mandarin Name: 舌鰨 (Shé tǎ), 左口鱼 (Zuǒ kǒu yú) 
Local Malay Name: Ikan Lidah, Lidah Sisik Besar
Local Teochew: Leng Chik








Scientific Name: Cynoglossus bilineatus (Lacepède, 1802)
English Name: Fourlined Tonguesole
Mandarin Name: 舌鰨 (Shé tǎ), 左口鱼 (Zuǒ kǒu yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Lidah Pasir
Local Teochew: Leng Chik






Scientific Name: Cynoglossus lingua  Hamilton, 1822
English Name: Long Tongue Sole
Mandarin Name: 舌鰨 (Shé tǎ), 左口鱼 (Zuǒ kǒu yú), 长体舌鳎 (Zhǎng tǐ shé tǎ)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Lidah Pajang
Local Teochew: Leng Chik








Scientific Name: Cynoglossus macrolepidotus  (Bleeker, 1851)
English Name: Not Available (Tonguefish, Tonguesole)
Mandarin Name: 舌鰨 (Shé tǎ), 左口鱼 (Zuǒ kǒu yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Lidah
Local Teochew: Leng Chik